Excluding the energy sector from the calculation, adjusted consumptionPower that would have been consumed if temperatures had been the same as reference temperatures, and if there was no 29th day in February for leap years (adjusted for weather and calendar effects) ended 2019 at 473 TWh, down slightly (-0.5%) from 2018 and broadly in line with the average for the past ten years.
Power demand in France entered a period of relative stability in 2010. The trend reflects a gradual slowing of demand growth observed over several decades: growth rates declined steadily and approached zero in 2010.
This structural slowing of electricity demand growth in France, also observed in most European countries, is chiefly attributable to:
- More widespread and stronger energy efficiency measures in buildings and for appliance efficiency, allowing the same needs to be met with less electricity;
- A long-term slowing of economic and demographic growth over several decades;
- A structural change in economic activity with a shift toward the service industry, knowing that services consume four to five times less electricity than the industrial sector for the same level of production.
Note: To calculate adjusted consumptionPower that would have been consumed if temperatures had been the same as reference temperatures, and if there was no 29th day in February for leap years, it is necessary to exclude the energy sector because the adoption of a new uranium enrichment process in 2012 severely impacted the sector and caused a steep decline in consumption.